Wikipedysta:Dzidan/brudnopis/aktualne w encyklopedii

Z Wikipedii, wolnej encyklopedii < Wikipedysta:Dzidan‎ | brudnopis Przejdź do nawigacji Przejdź do wyszukiwania

ISO/IEC 60320 (EN 60320) Wtyki i nasadki do użytku domowego i podobnego

Monitor Polski z 2003 r. Nr 46 poz. 693


z dnia 29 lipca 2003 r.

w sprawie wykazu norm zharmonizowanych

(M.P. z dnia 9 października 2003 r.)

Na podstawie art. 13 ust. 3 ustawy z dnia 30 sierpnia 2002 r. o systemie oceny zgodności (Dz. U. Nr 166, poz. 1360 oraz z 2003 r. Nr 80, poz. 718 i Nr 130, poz. 1188) ogłasza się wykazy Polskich Norm (PN) przenoszących europejskie normy zharmonizowane z dyrektywami nowego podejścia, które przewidują znakowanie CE oraz posiadają normy zharmonizowane:

Lp. Numer PN Tytuł PN Numer normy europejskiej 135 PN-EN 60320-1:2002 (U) Wtyki i nasadki do użytku domowego i podobnego - Część 1: Wymagania ogólne EN 60320-1:2001 136 PN-EN 60320-2-1:2001 Nasadki i wtyki do użytku domowego i podobnego - Część 2-1: Nasadki i wtyki do maszyn do szycia EN 60320-2-1:2000 137 PN-EN 60320-2-2:2001 Nasadki i wtyki do użytku domowego i podobnego - Część 2-2: Połączenia wtykowo-nasadkowe do użytku domowego i podobnego EN 60320-2-2:1998

is the common name for the set of thirteen line sockets (called the connector in the specification) and thirteen panel plugs (called the inlet) defined by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) specification IEC 60320 (formerly IEC 320). When used with no other qualifiers, "IEC connector" usually refers specifically to the C13 and C14 connectors.

Some types also come in line plug and panel socket versions to use as outlets but these are less common. They include two and three-conductor plugs of various current capacities and temperature ratings, all designed specifically for the purpose of attaching a mains power cord to a piece of equipment. Allowing an interchangeable mains power cord makes it very easy for equipment manufacturers to sell their equipment anywhere in the world as long as their equipment can operate on both 120/240 volt, 50/60 Hz mains power.

In each case, the matching inlet is designated by the even number one greater than the odd number assigned to the line socket, so a C1 fits a C2, and a C15A fits a C16A. Most are polarised (though of course being a worldwide standard they will frequently be connected to wall outlets that are unpolarised), the exceptions being the C1, some C7 and all C9 plugs. All voltage ratings are 250 VAC. All have maximum temperature ratings of 70 °C unless noted.

Spis treści

Appliance Classes | edytuj kod

In addition to being grounded or not, these plugs are differentiated according to their IEC protection class.

Class 0 appliances have no protective-earth connection and feature only a single level of insulation.

Class I appliances must have their chassis connected to electrical earth.

Class II double insulated electrical appliances have been designed in such a way that they do not require a safety connection to electrical earth.

Class III appliances are designed to be supplied from a SELV (Separated or Safety Extra-Low Voltage) power source.


Wtyczka C1 i gniazdo C2 | edytuj kod

2-przewodowe niespolaryzowane 0.2 A. Połączenie C1/C2 jest często używane w golarkach.

Wtyczka C3 i gniazdo C4 | edytuj kod

2-przewodowe 2.5 A

Wtyczka C5 i gniazdo C6 | edytuj kod

Wtyczka C7 i gniazdo C8 | edytuj kod

Wtyczka C9 i gniazdo C10 | edytuj kod

Wtyczka C11 i gniazdo C12 | edytuj kod

2-conductor 10 A

Wtyczka C13 i gniazdo C14 | edytuj kod

C13 line socket (outlet) C14 chassis plug (inlet)

3-conductor 10 A. Most desktop personal computers use the ten-amp panel-mounting C14 inlet to attach the power cord to the power supply, as do many monitors, printers and other peripherals. Many older computers also provide a panel-mounting C13 outlet for powering the monitor. In AT form factor computers this outlet was controlled by the physical power switch. With the arrival of ATX the outlet was usually permanently powered, if present on the chassis.

A three-conductor cord with a suitable power plug for the locality in which the appliance is used on one end and a C13 line socket on the other is commonly called an "IEC cord." IEC cords are used to power many pieces of electronic equipment other than computers, for example instrument amplifiers and professional audio equipment.

Cables with a C14 line plug at one end and a C13 line socket at the other are commonly available, and are nearly always un-fused. They have a variety of common uses including connecting power between older PCs and their monitors, extending existing power cords, connecting to C13 socket strips (commonly used with rackmount gear to save space and for international standardization) and connecting computer equipment to the output of a UPS (larger UPSs often have C19 outlets as well.)

Wtyczka C15 i gniazdo C16 | edytuj kod

C15 line plug (outlet)

Some electric kettles and similar hot household appliances use a cord with a C15 line plug, and a matching C16 inlet socket on the appliance; their temperature rating is 120 degrees Celsius rather than the 70 degrees Celsius of the similar C13/C14 combination. The official designation in Europe for the C15 and C16 connectors is 'hot condition' connectors.

These are almost identical in form to the C13 and C14 combination, except with a ridge opposite the earth in the C16 socket (preventing a C13 fitting), and a corresponding valley in the C15 plug (which doesn't prevent it fitting a C14 inlet socket). For example, you can use an electric kettle cord to power a computer, but not a computer cord to power a kettle.

Many people are not aware of the subtle differences between the C13/C14 and C15/C16 connectors, and so all are loosely referred to as kettle plug and kettle lead (in the UK) and jug plug (in Australia) when referring to these mains cords.

In Britain the C15 and C16 connectors have replaced and made obsolete the appliance plug in most applications.

Two variations:

  • C15 3-conductor 10 A (120 °C maximum temperature)
  • C15A 3-conductor 10 A (155 °C maximum temperature)

C17 i gniazdo C18 | edytuj kod

Wtyczka C19 i gniazdo C20 | edytuj kod

Wtyczka C21 i gniazdo C22 | edytuj kod

3-conductor 16 A (155 °C maximum temperature)

C23 and C24 connectors | edytuj kod

2-conductor 16 A

Power Entry Modules | edytuj kod

Some manufacturers have combined IEC Connectors with other associated power components. See Power entry module for details.

There are some physical compatibilities not noted here.

References | edytuj kod

Kategoria:Electrical power connectors Kategoria:IEC standards

Na podstawie artykułu: "Wikipedysta:Dzidan/brudnopis/aktualne" pochodzącego z Wikipedii
OryginałEdytujHistoria i autorzy