Wikipedysta:Skubert/Clyde Cessna

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Clyde Vernon Cessna (5 Grudnia 1879 - 20 Listopada 1954) - Amerykański budowniczy samolotów i założyciel firmy Cessna Aircraft Company.

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Wczesne lata | edytuj kod

Clyde Vernon Cessna urodził się 5 grudnia 1879 roku w Hawthorne, Iowa. Gdy miał dwa lata jego rodzina przeprowadziła się do Rago w Kansas. Był farmerem, używał swoich mechanicznych umiejętności do ulepszania maszyn rolniczych, by ułatwić farmerom pracę.

Clyde zainteresował sie lotnictwem w 1910 roku po wizycie na wystawie lotniczej. Clyde na jakiś czas wyprowadził sie z Kansas i zamieszkał w Nowym Jorku, gdzie pracował w fabryce Queen Aeroplane Company, gdzie nauczył się podstaw budowy samolotów.

Aviation career | edytuj kod

First flight | edytuj kod

In 1911, he set out to build his first airplane, an airplane he named "silverwing".[1] His first design was a monoplane, constructed of spruce and linen and which took the form of an American version of the Bleriot XI. The engine was a modified Elbridge motorboat motor, dubbed the "aero special", which was a 2 stroke, 4 cylinder engine with a maximum of 40 hp (Błąd: Zła jednostka konwertowana. Zobacz konwertowane jednostki.) and 1,050 rpm.[1] Upon completion, he took his untested aircraft to the Great Salt lake plains near Enid, Oklahoma. His first attempt at flight ended in a ground loop which required $100 to repair. After repairs, Cessna attempted flight 13 more times, each time ending in some sort of failure. Finally on his 13th attempt, Cessna got a glimpse of hope as his aircraft bounced up into the air for a short time before crashing into the trees as he attempted to turn it. After his crash, Cessna exclaimed in frustration, "I'm going to fly this thing, then I'm going to set it afire and never have another thing to do with aeroplanes!". Finally, in June 1911 Cessna had his first successful flight. The crowds that had scoffed at his failures changed their tone and began calling him a "daring hero" and nicknamed him the "Birdman of Enid".[2] Cessna continued to teach himself how to fly over the next several months until December 1911 when he made a successful 5 mi (8,05 km) flight and a successful landing at the point of departure.[1]

The middle years | edytuj kod

After the success of the Silverwing, Cessna permanently quit his work with the automobile industry to pursue his interests in aviation. Between 1912 and 1915, Cessna developed several new monoplanes, all powered by a 6 cylinder Anzani Radial with 40-60 hp. During this time, Clyde often flew his aircraft at holiday events and county fairs, an endeavour that at the time proved to be lucrative.[1]

It was in 1916 that Clyde acquired a vacant building to begin building a new aircraft for the 1917 aviation exhibition season. His factory served a dual purpose as he also opened a flight school in which he had five enrolled student pilots. However in April 1917 when the United States declared war, the exhibition flying market ground to a halt. With his primary source of income grounded, Clyde returned to his old home near Rago, Kansas where he resumed his duties on the family farm.[1]

Travel Air Manufacturing Company | edytuj kod

In the years following World War I the enconomy's interest in private flying increased, an increase which eventually lead Cessna in 1925, along with Walter Beech and Lloyd Stearman, to found the Travel Air Manufacturing Company located in Wichita, Kansas. While Cessna was president, the company soon became a one of the leading United States aircraft manufacturers. This success may be attributed to Cessna's advanced design concepts and aircraft that attained international recognition in the course of establishing numerous speed and distance records.[3][4] However, after two years at the company, design disputes with his partners over the monoplane versus the bi-plane, Cessna left the company with plans to again start his own.[4]

Cessna Aircraft Corporation | edytuj kod

On 7 September 1927, the Cessna Aircraft Corporation officially became incorporated.[5] In the later part of 1927, Cessna struggled to design and build an efficient monoplane. The "AW" was completed near the end of 1927, a single wing aircraft with top speeds of up to 145 mi/h (233,35 km/h) and a maximum cruise time upwards of 7 hours.[4] The first plane flew on August 13, 1927. In the following decade, the company produced many racing and sports aircraft generally known for their tradition of safety, performance and economy.[3]

Despite the success of new models, the Great Depression led to a catastrophic drop in aircraft sales, a bankruptcy filing for the corporation, and the complete closure of the company in 1931. In 1934, Cessna reopened his Wichita plant which he soon sold to his nephews in (1936).[4]

Later years | edytuj kod

After selling the Cessna Aircraft Corporation to his nephews, Cessna returned to a life of farming.[4] Upon his nephews' request, Clyde agreed to participate in the company but served mostly in a ceremonial capacity and stayed out of the company's day to day business.[1] Clyde Vernon Cessna died in 1954, at the age of 74. His grandson Slim is a musician of some renown as founder of Slim Cessna's Auto Club. [4]


  1. a b c d e f Błąd w przypisach: Błąd w składni elementu <ref>. Brak tekstu w przypisie o nazwie wok1
  2. Szablon:Citeweb
  3. a b Błąd w przypisach: Błąd w składni elementu <ref>. Brak tekstu w przypisie o nazwie aerofiles
  4. a b c d e f Szablon:Citeweb
  5. Błąd w przypisach: Błąd w składni elementu <ref>. Brak tekstu w przypisie o nazwie cessna
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