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Ford Transit z angielskiej wiki (tworzony) | edytuj kod

Szablon:Infobox Automobile

The Ford Transit is a range of panel vans, minibuses and pickup trucks, produced by the Ford Motor Company in Europe.

The Transit has been the best-selling light commercial vehicle in Europe for 40 years, and in some countries the term "Transit" has passed into common usage as a generic term applying to any light commercial van in the Transit's size bracket.[potrzebny przypis]

Over 5,000,000 Transits have been produced since 1965 across three basic platforms with several "facelift" versions of each.

The first Ford Transit (1961-65) | edytuj kod

Known in Germany as the "first generation" Transit
1964 Ford Taunus Transit

Unlike the British-built Transit "family", the first production Ford to wear the "Transit" badge was a van built in Ford's Köln (Cologne) plant in Germany. It was introduced in 1953 as FK 1000 (Ford Köln carrying 1000 kg). From 1961, this vehicle was called the Ford Taunus Transit. Production of this model ceased in 196

Naming system | edytuj kod

The German vehicle was not widely exported, and the "Mark 1" tag has commonly been applied, retrospectively, to the 1965-78 British model (see below). Whilst there have been three basic Transit platforms since 1965, the various facelifts and upgrades over the years have been referred to using a conflicting range of "Mark" numbers, with some sources counting a facelift as a new "Mark", some not. Ford's own historical look back at Transit production, published for the launch of the 1994 model, avoids the issue by referring to generations of Transit by years produced. [1] Therefore this article attempts to make mention of all the common naming systems.

Origins of the name | edytuj kod

Ford had a manufacturing plant in Cork City, Ireland up until the mid-1970s. Just after World War II, the proprietor of the local Ford Garage, "The Transit Garage", built a Ford Special, a 2-seater sports car, to compete in the local Cork 20 Rally. This car won the race and was known as the Ford Transit. The name was established, and noted by the management of the local factory. When a name for the commercial van was being sought, the already established name "Ford Transit" was readily available. Complete restoration of the original car was commenced in 2000. In 2007, the car was located in Northern Ireland. [potrzebny przypis]


Ford Transit 1965-78 | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 1"; Germany "Second generation"
Mark I Ford Transit

The first Ford Transit proper was introduced in October 1965, and has been in continuous production in three basic generations to the present day. The van was produced initially at Ford's Langley facility in Berkshire, England (a former Second World War aircraft factory which had produced Hawker Hurricane fighters), but as demand outstripped the capability of the plant, production was moved to Southampton, where it has remained ever since. Transits have also been produced in Ford's Genk factory in Belgium and also Turkey. The Transit is also produced in China for the Chinese market.

The Transit was introduced to replace the Ford Thames 400E, a small Zephyr based forward control van noted for its narrow track which was in direct competition with similar looking vehicles from Rootes's Commer range. The Thames failed to win over company users in significant enough numbers, so Ford went back to the drawing board. Henry Ford II's revolutionary step was to combine the engineering effort of Ford of Britain, and Ford of Germany together to create a prototype for the Ford of Europe of today — previously the two subsidiaries had been in direct competition with each other.

The Transit was a huge departure from the European commercial vehicles of the day — its broad track and American-inspired styling gave it a huge advantage in carrying capacity over comparable vehicles of the day and revolutionised light goods transport. Most of the Transit's mechanical components were adapted from Ford's car range of the time. Another key to the Transit's success was the sheer number of different body styles: panel vans in long and short wheelbase forms, pick-up truck, minibuses, crew-cabs to name but a few. The engines used in the UK were the Essex V4 for the petrol engined version in 1.7 L and 2.0 L capacities, while a 41 bhp (31 kW) diesel unit sourced from Perkins was also offered. The Perkins diesel engine was too long to fit under the Transit's stubby nose section, which had to be restyled for the diesel version. Producing just 40 bhp, the Perkins unit was not popular, and was replaced by Ford's own "York" unit in 1974. For the mainland Europe the Transit had the German Ford Taunus V4 engine in 1.7 or 2.0 litre versions.

The long nose front was also used to accommodate the Ford 3.0 litre V6 which was ordered by police and ambulance services.

In Australia, the long-nose diesel front was used to accommodate an inline 6-cylinder engine derived from the Ford Falcon.


Ford Transit 1978-86 | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 2"; Germany "Third generation"
Late Mark II Ford Transit

In March 1978, a facelifted version – commonly known in some markets as the "Mark 2" model – debuted with a restyled nose section, new interior, and the introduction of the Pinto engine from the Cortina in place of the Essex V4. High performance versions intended for police or ambulance use used the 3.0 L V6 version of the Essex engine. In 1984, the York diesel engine was redesigned into the 2.4 L "DI" (direct injection) unit. Late in its life this generation received a minor facelift including a black rubberised front grille with integrated headlamp surrounds, which had previously been body-coloured. This facelift did not commonly result in a new "Mark" number being applied.


Ford Transit 1986-91 & minor facelift 1991-94 | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 3" and "Mark 4" after facelift; Germany "Fourth generation"
Ford Transit 1986-1994

What proved to be the second generation Transit platform appeared in January 1986 and was notable for its all-new bodyshell which was of "one-box" design (i.e. the windscreen and bonnet are at the same angle), and the front suspension was changed to a fully independent configuration on all but chassis cab and LWB versions. The engine range was carried over largely unchanged from the last of the 1978-85 generation models, although in 1989 the high performance 3.0 V6 petrol was replaced by the cologne 2.9 EFI V6. A subtle facelift in 1992 saw the fully independent front suspension rolled out across the range, whilst a redesigned floorpan allowed the use of single rear wheels on the LWB derivative, further increasing payload — these models are identifiable by the slightly more rounded front headlamps.


Ford Transit 1994-2000 | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 5"; Germany "Fifth generation"
Ford Transit 1994-2000 generation, LWB high roof

A major facelift to the Transit in 1994/5 gave the Transit a new nose and dashboard, along with the 2.0 L DOHC 8-valve engine as found in the Mark 2 Ford Sierra. (Some of Ford's 16-valve engines, such as those found in the Scorpio, Escort RS2000 and Galaxy were also based on this block.) At the same time air conditioning was made available as an optional extra.

Nickname: “Smiley” because of the grills resemblance of a smiling face.


Ford Transit 2000-06 | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 6"; Germany "Sixth generation"
Ford Transit 2000-06 generation as motorhome

The next Transit introduced in July 2000 was the third all-new design, and borrowed styling cues from Ford's "New Edge" designs like the Focus, and Ka. Developed by Ford in the United States, the main innovation is that it is available in either front or rear-wheel drive. This model features the "Puma"-type Duratorq turbo diesel engine also used in the 2000 Mondeo and Jaguar X-Type, with the petrol versions moving up to the 2.3 L 16-Valve edition of the I4 engine. This Transit can hit 60 mph in 21 seconds and reach a top speed of 93 mph (150 km/h), as was shown on the Top Gear television programme in 2005.

The Durashift EST automatic transmission (optional on all rear-wheel drive and standard on the 2.4 L, 125 bhp (93 kW) Duratorq TDdi engines) features controls mounted on the dashboard, a specially adapted manual mode, tow-haul mode, economy mode and winter mode.

Two years later, Ford introduced the Transit Connect, a smaller panel van aimed at replacing the older Escort and Fiesta based models. It shares very little with the full-size Transit in terms of engineering, although is produced alongside the larger van in a new purpose built facility in Turkey.

The five-millionth Transit rolled off the Southampton line on Monday, 18 July 2005 and was donated to an English charity.


Ford Transit 2006-Present | edytuj kod

UK "Mark 7"; Germany "Seventh generation"
Ford Transit 2007

In August 2006 the Transit received a facelift to the body, including new front and rear lights, a new front end and a new interior featuring the gearstick on the dashboard as well as incorporating Ford's new corporate radio design. This version won the International Van Of The Year 2007 award despite tough competition from several all-new rivals.


Ford Transit in Mexico | edytuj kod

This new facelifted Ford Transit is already available in Mexico. Mexico is the only country in the American continent in which it will be marketed, for now. Rumors abound that Ford is considoring it for the US market. One would have to assume that it would depend on the success of the Dodge Sprinter (similarly sized vehicle), which so far has failed to capture the title of best selling van from the Ford E-Series(which holds an amazing 49%+ of the market).

References | edytuj kod

  1. "Van World" marketing periodical; in article "1965-1995: 30 years and 3,000,000 Transits later"; pub. Ford Motor Company Ltd., Brentwood, UK; Autumn 1994

External links | edytuj kod

Szablon:Ford

Tworzona wersja polska | edytuj kod

The Ford Transit is a range of panel vans, minibuses and pickup trucks, produced by the Ford Motor Company in Europe.

The Transit has been the best-selling light commercial vehicle in Europe for 40 years, and in some countries the term "Transit" has passed into common usage as a generic term applying to any light commercial van in the Transit's size bracket.[potrzebny przypis]

Over 5,000,000 Transits have been produced since 1965 across three basic platforms with several "facelift" versions of each.

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